Students are ‘not ready’ for university education in ‘white, privileged’ US

NEW YORK — A new study by the University of Louisville has found that while most college graduates in the United States are white, a majority of college graduates are black, Hispanic and Asian.

The study, published Thursday in the journal American Sociological Review, shows that while the overwhelming majority of African-American and Hispanic students attend a four-year college, fewer than half of Asian-American students are enrolled in four-years.

In a report released by the American Council on Education, the study said a lack of preparation for postsecondary education is not a problem of a recent past, but rather a problem with the way education is delivered in today’s educational system.

“Our findings suggest that education and employment in the US is not working as well for students of color, even though they are most likely to be poor, and for people of color with a higher probability of dropping out of high school and dropping out entirely at the end of their high school career,” said study co-author Robert G. Stemple, an associate professor in the department of sociology and African-Americans studies at the university.

“The problem is that education, employment and access to higher education are not what they used to be in the late 20th century, and this is a major contributor to the gaps in educational attainment.”

The study also found that nearly a third of students surveyed did not complete high school, while a quarter of students did not graduate from high school.

Only 13 percent of students who did not finish high school graduated from college, while 28 percent of those who did graduate did not go on to complete four years of college.

Only one-third of students at four-and-a-half-year colleges graduated, with students at more selective colleges who received four- and five-year degrees earning an average of $37,000, according to the study.

More than two-thirds of those students were in their 20s or 30s, with a quarter in their early 30s.

The survey found that students who completed four- or five-years of college had a median earnings of $46,000.

The study, which included responses from more than 8,500 students from around the country, also found many students were struggling to afford their own education.

The average cost of a two-year associate’s degree at the University at Buffalo in Buffalo, New York, was $61,500, and the average cost for a three-year bachelor’s degree was $59,800.

The median annual household income at the Buffalo school was $45,000 and the median annual income at four years at the school was nearly $54,000 for the full year, the report said.

The national median household income was $51,300.

At the same time, the majority of students from low-income households were not graduating high school or finishing high school at all.

About a quarter, 25 percent, of students in the lowest income quartile of the four-to-five income range, which is below $26,000 per year, were not finishing their degrees.

About 25 percent of all students were not completing high school in their freshman year, which means that they were not fully in the process of obtaining a college degree, the survey found.

Nearly a third, or 24 percent, were enrolled in college in their sophomore year, a quarter were enrolled on campus, and 11 percent were enrolled at community colleges.

Nearly half of students whose parents did not have a college education completed a four or five year degree at some point in their life.

More specifically, one-quarter, 25 to 30 percent, completed four years, two-fifths completed five years, and less than a quarter completed six years.

The researchers said the report is the first to analyze data from the national student body, which includes students from both rich and poor families.

The authors also noted that their findings could be generalizable to other college students and their families.

“While these data show that a majority (56 percent) of students attending four- to five-and one-half years college attended college, these numbers do not capture the full extent of student college readiness for post-secondary institutions,” the authors said.

“For example, a large majority of low- to moderate-income students do not complete their bachelor’s degrees.

The same may be true for students from the most advantaged and least disadvantaged groups.

The failure of a student to complete high-level degrees at four or even five years may be a result of poor preparation for the work that they will need to do post-college.

A college degree is not the answer.”

The authors said more research is needed to understand why students in low- and moderate- to high-income families do not finish their degrees, but that more needs to be done.

“For example,” they wrote, “what are the mechanisms by which low-to moderate- income